紀要論文 1880年代のイギリスにおける都市公園及びレクリエーション・グラウンドの設置状況 - 各都市部とロンドン都市部(特に人口過密地区)との状況比較 -

川村, 若菜  ,  榊原, 浩晃

内容記述
The purpose of this study is to examine the establishment of city parks and recreation grounds  during the 1880s, comparing certain densely populated districts in the county of London with other  county boroughs. Surveys of the entire county of London indicated the existence of several popular  delusions regarding population density in different districts, and efforts to secure open spaces and  relieve overcrowding were not always directed to the necessary areas. Philanthropists and philanthropic  organisations acquired some open spaces in large cities, which they considered the most effective means of  counteracting the danger of increasing population density that threatened city dwellers in England. Local  authorities intended to provide pleasant parks and gardens for the elderly, and playgrounds where children  might exercise their limbs. As town planning advanced, it was found that well-regulated cities indicated  reduced mortality than the countryside where greater carelessness regarding hygiene prevailed. However,  open spaces and recreation grounds in large cities have been exceedingly unfavourable for residents in great  cities such as London. Without full-scale legislation by the central and local authorities, the establishment and  enlargement of open spaces and recreation grounds gradually advanced in urban county boroughs during  the late 19th century in England. 
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http://libopac.fukuoka-edu.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/10780/1989/1/5-06-%e6%a6%8a%e5%8e%9f%e3%80%80%e6%b5%a9%e6%99%83.pdf

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