子育て広場における乳児の対人関係の特徴 ─模倣に含まれる両義的体験が促す自己形成─子育て広場における乳児の対人関係の特徴 ─模倣に含まれる両義的体験が促す自己形成─AA1205912X Characteristics of Infants' Interpersonal Relationships in Child-rearing Playgroups ─Self-formation through Ambiguous Experiences by Imitation─
The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of interpersonal relationships among infants aged 0-2 years in playgroups.Participant observation revealed the following: First, infants have a tendency to interact with others by using imitation. Second, imitation gives rise to an “altruistic situation,” which results in pleasant experiences. Third, in cases of a low or high level of physical synchrony,imitation causes a “disordered state,” which results in unpleasant experiences. Finally, infants tend to imitate others if their parents are tolerant of a “disordered state.”Based on these findings, it appears that, as Wallon says, if the ambiguous experiences of pleasure and displeasure brought about by imitation lead to infants' self-formation, then the “altruistic situations” and “disordered states” that emerge in infants' interpersonal interactions in playgroups lead to their self-formation.