Departmental Bulletin Paper ディジュリドゥ : アボリジナル楽器の世界化への軌跡
Didjuridu : Path of an Aboriginal Musical Instrument into Globalizatio
ディジュリドゥ : アボリジナル ガッキ ノ セカイカ エノ キセキ

松山, 利夫  ,  Toshio, MATSUYAMA  ,  平安女学院大学国際観光学部

Originally didjuridu was a local musical instrument used in Arnhem Land, the northern part of Australia. It is still played in funerals, initiation rites or Corroboree.In the 1960s, through Kimberley or Balgo Hill, or directly from Arnhem Land, didjuridu spread to the central and western desert areas. It was played to attract the attention of tourists who visited tourist attractions such as Uluru and to sell art crafts representing Aboriginal culture. Around this time some white people started playing this instrument.After the 1980s, didjuridu was widely played as "an ethnic instrument" in southeastern cities.Around this period urban Aboriginal people learned how to play it. In this way didjuridu became popular among white Australians, but yet it was still played at traditional ceremonies or rituals inArnhem Land. Thus, for urban Aboriginal people, playing didjuridu assured their Aboriginality.In the 1980s it became known overseas. In concert with the New Age movement or along with the World Music Boom, it came into fashion in America, Europe, and Japan. In Japan didjuridu lovers formed some groups such as Earth Tube, Dincum OZ Club, etc.Globalized didjuridu is now under the control of Aboriginals in Arnhem Land, as they have held the Garma Festival each year since 1999, where they give lectures on didjuridu and their culture, and teach performing techniques of didjuridu, asking people all over the world to join them.

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