Journal Article 電源自立型の土砂災害監視カメラシステムの構築と評価
Development and Evaluation of Self-powered Camera Systems for Landslide Disasters Monitoring

西, 正博  ,  古川, 達也  ,  新, 浩一

58 ( 3 )  , pp.736 - 744 , 2017-03-15
Recently, guerrilla rainstorms have frequently occurred all over Japan, possibly inducing land slide disasters which cause severe damage. In Hiroshima city, the serious land slide disasters attacked the residential areas of Asa-kita-ku, and Asa-minami-ku on Aug. 20, 2014, and heavy rainstorms induced land slide in Saeki-ku on June 29, 1999. There were a lot of damages in these disasters. To suppress the damages caused by land slide disasters as much as possible, it is important for residents to evacuate at appropriate timings. The authors consider that it is necessary to develop the environment where the residents can obtain information required for their decisions of evacuating or staying. Therefore we developed the self-powered camera systems for natural disasters monitoring, which are able to continuously work for 24 hours. The systems are self-powered by use of solar panels and a battery, and can monitor the dangerous area both in day and night by use of an infrared camera. Also the systems can provide real time images taken by the camera to residents through by wireless communication networks. In May, 2015, we began to operate the monitoring systems in the three areas where the land slide actually occurred in Hiroshima city. In these areas, there are few hours of sunlight in one day because the solar panels are installed in the wooded mountain. In our operation period, we experienced that the monitoring systems were down because of less sunlight particular in rainy season and winter season. In this study, based on the one-year actual operation results, we evaluated the operational features in the systems and clarified the required conditions to realize 100% in operation rate.

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