Departmental Bulletin Paper 無形文化遺産(伝統技術)の伝承に関する研究会Ⅲ「現在に伝わる明治の超絶技巧」\nセッション「『明治工芸』を現代に活かす」

山崎, 剛  ,  鈴田, 由紀夫  ,  原田, 一敏  ,  長崎, 巌  ,  荒川, 正明  ,  菊池, 理予

The Department of Intangible Cultural Heritage has been holding a series of seminars entitled “Transmission of Intangible Cultural Heritage (Traditional Techniques)” annually since fiscal 2014. The theme for the third seminar, which was held jointly with Public Interest Incorporated Foundation, Sen-oku Hakuko Kan on October 17 and 18, 2016, was “Super-techniques of the Meiji Period Now.” The following report focuses on one of the sessions in the seminar, “Utilizing Craftwork of the Meiji Period Today,” and presents the edited transcription of the discussion in that session. Among craftworks of the Meiji Period, in this seminar special emphasis was given to porcelain, in particular to Arita ware. The first day consisted of reports and a discussion on the theme. On the second day visits were made to two exhibitions, “Meiji Kogei: Amazing Japanese Art” at The University Art Museum of the Tokyo University of the Arts and “400th Anniversary of the Birth of Arita Porcelain: The Compelling Beauty of Arita Ceramics in the Age of the Great International Expositions” at Sen-oku Hakuko Kan. On the first day, researchers involved in the Sen-oku Hakuko Kan’s exhibition were invited to make reports so as to reconfirm the process by which Arita ware of the Meiji period has been handed down to the present. Following these reports by Moriya Miho (part-time lecturer, Jissen Women’s University and Kokugauin University), Nagaseko Minako (curator, Gakushuin University Museum of History) and Kajiyama Hiroshi (curator, The Museum of Ceramic Art, Hyogo), Suzuta Yukio (director, The Kyushu Ceramic Museum) presented a lecture on Arita ware of the Meiji period. The reports and the lecture were based on the speakers’ contributions to the catalogue for the exhibition and a collection of studies (both with the same title as the exhibition; both published in 2015; the former by Sekai Bunka Publishing Inc. and the latter by Nishinippon Shimbun Co., Ltd.) In the second half of the day, Harada Kazutoshi (The University Art Museum, Tokyo University of the Arts), Yamazaki Tsuyoshi (Kanazawa College of Art), Nagasaki Iwao(Kyoritsu Women’s University), and Arakawa Masaaki (Gakushuin University) joined Suzuta in a panel discussion on the theme “Utilizing Craftwork of the Meiji Period Today.” Recently, attention is given to the detailed techniques of Meiji period craftwork, and many exhibitions have been held. Examining craftwork of the Meiji period that has been passed down to the present serves as one of the ways to consider “craft techniques,” in other words intangible cultural heritage, of the Meiji period. In that sense, researchers in fields of both tangible and intangible cultural properties are expected to supplement each other rather than to work separately. Providing opportunities for discussions that will enhance interest in the protection of intangible cultural heritage is considered important.

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