紀要論文 弁明プロセスの日常体験 : 日米大学生への質問紙調査から
ベンメイプロセスノニチジョウタイケン : ニチベイダイガクセイへノシツモンシチョウサカラ
Everyday Experience of Account-Making Processes : A Survey for Japanese and American Students

島田, 拓司

69 ( 1 )  , pp.57 - 79 , 2017-10-26 , 天理大学
ISSN:03874311
NII書誌ID(NCID):AN00154657
内容記述
This study intends to explore the similarities and differences of interpersonal accounts that Japanese and American college students experience in their everyday lives.Inspired by Averill’s (1979) and Ohbuchi and Ogura’s (1984) questionnaire studies on “the everyday experience of anger,” this study attempts to shed light on interpersonal accounts that students in the two cultures go throughin their day-to-day living. A total of 478 (260 Japanese and 218 American)students were asked about their own experiences of interpersonal accounts in terms of their frequency, target of, motives for and perceived causes of accountmaking, actual account tactics used, and the damages caused by the accountrequiring incidents from the perspectives of account-givers and account-receivers.The results indicated that American students face account-making incidents more frequently than Japanese. It was found that friends were the most common target of account-making in the two cultures.Some cultural differences included the motives for and the causes of account-making as well as the preference for accounting tactics. One intriguing cross-cultural difference is the self-serving tendency found in their responses regarding the estimated damages caused by account-requiring incidents. Compared with Japanese students, a more obvious self-serving tendency was observed among American students. The implications of the findings are discussed
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http://opac.tenri-u.ac.jp/opac/repository/metadata/4457/GKH024604.pdf

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