A purpose of this paper is to clarify the present conditions of the town house called machiya left in the old townspeople’s district in the central city area of Yatsushiro-shi. There are 986 buildings. This paper makes clear that about 37% of buildings do a form of machiya among all these buildings. People have the impression that there are few traditional buildings. One of the reasons is because the facades of about 27% of all machiyas were repaired.We study one of those machiyas with a measurement survey and a hearing survey. Based on the result, we make the restoration drawing of the machiya of the begining of the Showa era and report the architectural characteristics. We will think that we can clarify a characteristic of the machiya of the central city area of Yatsushiro-shi by investigating other machiyas in future.