Departmental Bulletin Paper 札幌近郊における離乳食の実態と離乳食や食事作りに対する 母親の意識調査
A survey of the attitude of mothers toward baby food and the preparation of baby food and meals in the suburbs of Sapporo

尾澤, 典子  ,  菊池, 和美  ,  知地, 英征

We distributed a questionnaire to mothers to determine their awareness of infantnutrition and food intake as well as eating habits. A total of 152 mothers responded tothe survey between September and October 2010, and all had children aged between 5months and 18 months.A majority of respondents were part of nuclear families with 4 family members.Most mothers responded that they“neither liked nor disliked”preparing meals andmost “liked”making sweets. Most mothers also responded that they “almost never”used pre-prepared side dishes or instant foodstuffs.Kitchen utensils described as frequently used included “kitchen knife”,“frying pan”,“cooker”, and “cutting board”,whereas those used infrequently included “a mixer”and“mortar and pestle”.With regard to the dietary habits of the mothers, most responded that they “atevegetables almost every day”and that they “ate meals prepared using oil once a day”.Few mothers responded that they “ate fruit every day”or that they “ate seaweedproducts every day”.With regard to the source of information for the preparation of baby food,“magazines”were ranked first, followed by “internet”, “friends”, “parents”and “dieticians”.“TV”was the lowest ranked source. The proportion of respondents who replied thatthey were “sometimes troubled”when preparing baby food increased as the age of theirinfants increased.Commercial baby food was used by approximately 60% of mothers. The mostcommon reason given was “ease of preparation.” The most common reason for notusing commercial baby food was that the mothers “made it themselves”, followed by“high cost”.Most mothers responded that they shared the same food with their child at eveningmeals. Mothers also shared snacks with their children over 9 months of age. Fromthis, it was observed that infants aged nine months or more eat the same food as theirmother, suggesting that the contents of mothers’meals were important for the children.

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