Self-Portrait Method (SPM) User Manual
小山, 充道 ,
Mitsuto, KOYAMA ,
藤女子大学人間生活学部保育学科Department of Early Childhood Care and Education, Faculty of Human Life Sciences, Fuji Women's University
90 , 2015-03-31
This study was the final phase of a basic clinical research project on the Self-Portrait Method (SPM). In the study, detailed data regarding procedures for SPM implementation were obtained with undergraduate students as subjects. The participating volunteers were 10 female junior students who had settled into campus life and were living stably. The selection of junior students as study subjects is considered appropriate. The data obtained from the study were treated as supplemental materials for the SPM. The 10 subjects were videotaped for the whole SPM process to create related audiovisual materials. The subjects engaged in six activities: sketching, being interviewed about their sketches, pre-learning about SPM research, implementing the SPM, filling out a survey sheet (the attached questionnaire)and undergoing an overall interview. The subjects were videoed sketching, but their faces were not shown for reasons of privacy. Crayons,colored pencils and ballpoint pens were supplied for implementation of the SPM. After the application of the method,the subjects were asked to fill out the survey sheet, and an overall interview was conducted at the end of the process. In terms of the effects of the SPM, comments from the subjects included "My drawings represent my enjoyment of fruit,""My drawings represent feelings that can't be expressed in words,"and "It helps me focus on my own thoughts." In terms of improvements,comments included "I can express myself more freely when working alone"and "When nothing comes to mind,I feel frustrated." Based on the findings, an overall examination was conducted. An SPM user manual was also created using the findings from previous studies and this study.