紀要論文 臨地実習における地域診断のプロセスを通して保健師学生が得た学び
Students' Learning Outcomes from Community Health Nursing Diagnosis in Public Health Nursing Practice
Students' Learning Outcomes from Community Health Nursing Diagnosis in Public Health Nursing Practice

金屋, 佑子  ,  藤井, 広美  ,  杉崎, 紀子

(10)  , pp.219 - 226 , 2016 , 了德寺大学
ISSN:1881-9796
NII書誌ID(NCID):AA12217741
内容記述
本研究は,臨地実習において体験した地域診断のプロセスを通して学士課程の保健師学生が得た学びを,そのプロセスに沿って明らかにし,より質の高い実習にむけた考察を行うことを目的とした.4年次学生31名の実習記録を質的に内容分析した結果,学生は概ね地域診断のプロセスに沿って学びを得ていた.また手順を理解するだけでなくそのダイナミックなプロセスに身を置き,パートナーシップの基に対象者を支援する保健師の役割を学んでいた.さらに専門職としての視点だけでなく,生活者としての視点を持つきっかけにもなっていた.一方,健康課題の優先順位の判断や評価のプロセスに関する明確な学びはみられず,社会資源の活用を促進する保健師の役割については抽象的な理解に留まっていた.したがって今後は講義・演習・実習前から実習後までを通して学びを実践的に深められるような教育方法を検討していく必要がある.
One of the purposes of this study is to clarify learning outcomes which undergraduate students gained from community health nursing diagnosis in public health nursing practice. The other purpose is to derive much better educational methods for public health nursing practice. As a result of qualitative analysis of 31 reports of practice by fourth-grade students, it was shown that the students could almost attain learnings along the process of community health nursing diagnosis. In addition to understanding methodology regarding community health nursing diagnosis, they had benefitted from being involved in dynamic and ongoing process. They also learned much of the role of a public health nurse as a partner to support every person, each family, and the whole community. Moreover, students could find not only professional perspective as a public health nurse but also the same perspective as an ordinary person living in a community. However, it was not sufficient to learn about the priority decision making in health problems, or how to evaluate public health support. Only a few comments were found about importance of the use of social resources. As conclusion, it is necessary to implement more effective educational methods by which students can deepen understanding using every chance, including lecture, exercise, and both before and after the practice.
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