Departmental Bulletin Paper 看護学生における就職活動の傾向 -将来の希望別の就職先決定基準-
Tendencies of Nursing Students in Finding Work
Tendencies of Nursing Students in Finding Work

本多, 和子  ,  鈴木, 恵

Description
我が国は看護師不足の状態にあり,看護学生は多くの施設から就職先を選ぶことが可能である.就職先は個人の将来目指す看護職像を見据えて選定することが,早期の離職を防ぎ,着実にキャリアを積むための一歩であると考える.本研究では看護学生の将来の希望別に就職先選定の基準を明らかにすることを目的とした.卒業を迎える看護学生を対象にアンケートを実施した.将来の希望別に就職先選定の基準で重視したものの順位相関係数を求めたところ,将来スペシャリストを希望する学生は職場の暴力対策,相談サポート体制,ワークライフバランスの項目に相関が見られた.また,管理職を希望する学生は,試用期間,職場の暴力対策,福利厚生,相談サポート体制,ワークライフバランス,院内教育制度の項目に相関が見られた.看護学生は将来の希望を見据えて,就職先を選定している傾向にあることが示唆された.しかし,不十分な点もあり,看護学生に対するキャリア支援教育の充実の必要性があると考えられた.
This study aimed to clarify the nursing students’ standards for choosing the place of employment according to the future course they desired. Questionnaires were distributed to the nursing students who were about to graduate. The authors sought the correlation coefficient in the priority order of the standards the students emphasized when they chose the place of employment according to the future courses they desired. According to the results, there was the correlation that the students who hoped to be a certified nurse, certified nurse specialist or the like in the future listed as the standard items for choosing the place of employment, countermeasures against workplace violence, counseling and support system, and work-life balance. On the other hand, the students who hoped to get a post of management, such as a chief nurse or the like, listed the standard items such as trial period, countermeasures against workplace violence, benefits and the like, counseling and support system, work-life balance, and in-hospital education system. The survey results suggested that the nursing students tended to choose the place of employment in light of what they wanted to do in the future. However, since the present circumstances were not at all satisfactory, it is necessary to improve the education system to support career development for nursing students.Keywords:nursing student,job-hunting, job-hunting support system
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