その他 Sanitation Project in Rural Africa Examined Based on Local Economy, Education and Community Participation: A Case Study of Burkina Faso

池見, 真由

1 ( 1 )  , pp.35 - 44 , 2017-11 , Research Institute for Humanity and Nature
ISSN:2432-5066
内容記述
This study discusses the possibility of a better management of sanitation project and the business model based on community participation in rural Burkina Faso. The case study was carried out based on the local residents’ economic and educational situations as well as their experiences of community-based organizational activities. This paper is focusing on the relationship patterns among their income, educational backgrounds, and participants’ experiences of community activities. Survey results show that people who have no primary education but have literacy education earn higher income than those with primary education. With regard to experience of community-based organizational activities, it has no relationship to both educational backgrounds and income levels. However, the incomes of those who have an experience of externally funded project or microfinance are higher than those who do not have the experience. For a success of sanitation project, a mechanism should be put in place to enable local residents appreciate the potential economic effects of the sanitation project through their interaction with external stakeholders. In order to create additional motivation for participants, it would be also effective to incorporate some literacy education services into the sanitation project for the purpose of income improvement. This study suggests a new approach for the success of the sanitation project. The local residents’ participation in externally funded project with enhancement of literacy skills leads to an improvement of both sanitation and income.
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