A Qualitative Study on Inheritance of Language and Religion in Indonesian−Japanese Families in JapanA Qualitative Study on Inheritance of Language and Religion in Indonesian−Japanese Families in JapanAA11612864
The purpose of this study is to clarify the inheritance state of language and religion in Hindu families as well as the influence of important factors (in the hypothetical model for the mechanism of language and culture inheritance [Suzuki, 2007]) on it. The participants were Indonesian-Japanese families living in Japan. They have at least one child, and Indonesian parents are Bali-Hindu. Semi-constructed interviews were conducted. In addition, field work was carried out. The analysis was qualitative in nature. The results showed the following: 1) the intercultural children with Japanese ancestry (ICJ) acquired Japanese, but Indonesian was not inherited in Indonesian-Japanese families. Here, “domicile determination” (Suzuki, 1997; Suzuki & Fujiwara, 1994) and “language prestige”(Yamamoto, 2007) played a great role. Besides, the role of the foreign parent was important for the inheritance of the mother tongue of foreign parents; 2) Bali-Hindu was not inherited in Indonesian-Japanese families because of “domicile determination” (no facilities/ opportunities to practice Bali-Hindu, etc.). However, the ICJ had possibilities to become Bali-Hind in future in Bali because of flexible religious low of Bali-Hindu; 3) furthermore, it was suggested that “parents’ views on children’s language and religion,” “language and religion at home,” and “school selection/environments” also influenced the inheritance of language and religion in Indonesian-Japanese Hindu families in Japan.