Conference Paper 研究発表 三代集における紀貫之の位置づけについて ―詞書をたよりに―

大野, ロベルト

Ushijima Haruko is well known for being a writer who lived in Manchuria, but after returning to Japan once the war had ended, she also continued her work as a woman writer, making her an exceedingly rare case. Aside from her debut novel, “Ōzokkan”(Daishinkyō Nippō, May 1937), and “Shuku To Iu Otoko”(Manshū Shinbun, Sep. 1940), which was nominated for an Akutagawa Prize, Ushijima has wrote several pieces about Manchuria, such as“ Kūrii(”Manshū Gyōsei, Oct. 1937),“ Mesu Niwatori(”Manshū Yomoyama, Jun. 1940)“, Aataitai No Min(”Tairiku No Sōbō, Apr. 1941), and“ Chōhōsan” (Bungakkai, Apr. 1941). However, when Japan began preparing for war, Ushijima tended to write less about Manchuria and more about women.Beginning with“ Onna(”Geibun, Apr. 1942), a story that revolves around childbirth, Ushijima wrote a series of works that portrayed herself or her female friends, and after being repatriated to Japan, she continued to hold an interest in the problems of women. The turning point for Ushijima was when she crossed over to Manchuria as if she were fleeing to a foreign country due to her frustration with political movements back home, but returned to Japan in order to give birth to her baby, which ended up being stillborn. This presentation will focus on“ Onna,” a piece that was written in that time of Ushijima’s life, and that depicts the main character pondering over childbirth during wartime and becoming awash with emotion. The chief problem treated in this presentation concerns how readers are to regard the change in Ushijima, who was extremely passionate about political movements, when one of the characters in the story listens to news from the battlefield and screams“, women must bear children ! ”This presentation will attempt to analyze the mobilization of women and the exploitation of intellectuals by the state through the text of Ushijima’s “Onna.” Furthermore, the process and the pain of women trading their own bodies as a sacrifice during wartime in order to obey state power will also be revealed.

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