Departmental Bulletin Paper 全国の看護系大学,短期大学,専門学校に所属する新人看護学教員が役割遂行上直面する問題の解明

髙橋, 美穂子  ,  Takahashi, Mihoko  ,  山下, 暢子  ,  Yamashita, Nobuko  ,  松田, 安弘  ,  Matsuda, Yasuhiro

13pp.15 - 30 , 2018-03 , 群馬県立県民健康科学大学
目的:新人看護学教員が役割遂行上直面する問題を明らかにし,その特徴を考察する.方法:全国の看護系大学,短期大学,専門学校に所属する2年目,3年目の教員543名を対象に,郵送法により質問紙を配布し,330名(回収率60.8%)から回答を得た.このうち,自由回答式質問に回答していた231名の記述を,Berelson.B. の方法論を参考にした看護教育学における内容分析を用いて分析した.結果:【教育・看護実践経験の乏しさによる学生への指導難航】【教育と研究の両立困難】など42カテゴリが形成された.結論:新人看護学教員が役割遂行上直面する問題を表す42種類が明らかになった.また,これらの問題は,《教育・看護実践・研究経験の乏しさ》など8つの原因により生じるという特徴を示した.本研究の成果は,新人看護学教員が自身の直面している問題を客観的に理解し,問題解決の方向性を自ら見出すための資料となる.
Objectives: This research aimed to clarify the problems faced by novice nursing faculty member who transferred from clinical to educational setting and to discuss their characteristics. Methods: Questionnaires were distributed by post to 543 nursing faculty member in charge of classes at nursing universities, junior colleges, and diploma programs across Japan. A total of 330 responses were received (response rate: 60.8%). The remaining 231, which contained responses to open-ended questions, were analyzed by using content analysis for nursing education based on Berelson's methodology. Results: 42 categories were formed, including “education/nursing practical experience lacks guidance for students” and “difficult to balance education and research.” Conclusion: A total of 42 types of problems encountered by novice nursing faculty member in educational settings were revealed. These problems were characterized by eight factors, including “lack of education/nursing practice/research experience”. The results of this research provide material for objectively understanding the problems faced by novice nursing faculty member, and can help them solve these problems on their own.

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