Departmental Bulletin Paper 「は」の後接から見るとりたて詞の否定呼応現象
Negative Polarity of Toritateshi When the Contrastive wa is Adjoined

井戸, 美里  ,  Misato, IDO

(15)  , pp.43 - 54 , 2018-07 , 国立国語研究所
The purpose of this paper is to show that the toritateshi (focus particles) nado, nanka, and made, which denote a negative or unexpected evaluation, have two usages: one that requires an overt negative morpheme and one that does not. This phenomenon can be explained naturally by assuming that, syntactically, the former usage has a [-Lexical] feature and the latter a [+Lexical] feature. Furthermore, these focus particles have a particular syntactic correlation. If the contrastive marker wa is adjoined to nado, nanka, or made with the [+Lexical] feature, the feature reverses polarity from [+Lexical] to [-Lexical], and the particles then require an overt negative morpheme.

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