Departmental Bulletin Paper 日本語学習者の作文執筆過程における自己修正理由 : 上級中国人学習者,上級韓国人学習者,日本語母語話者の作文の比較から
The Intention of Self-Revision in JSL Learners' Writing Process: A Comparison between Native Japanese Speakers and Advanced Chinese and Korean JSL Learners

布施, 悠子  ,  石黒, 圭  ,  Yuko, FUSE  ,  Kei, ISHIGURO

(15)  , pp.17 - 42 , 2018-07 , 国立国語研究所
ISSN:2186-134x print2186-1358 online
To understand why university students learning Japanese self-revise their writing, this study analyzed their writing process in 2000-character-long essays by recording presses of the enter key and the delete key. The revisions were graded according to intention based on this record. A total of 180 essays were analyzed. The essays were categorized according to style (explanatory, opinionative, or historical) and the nationality of the students (20 Chinese, 20 Korean, and 20 native Japanese speakers). The native speakers tended to focus on selecting appropriate expressions and expanding at the sentence level, the Korean students tended to emphasize enriching existing expressions and corrected themselves with regard to the overall composition of sentences, and the Chinese students tended to focus on local expressions in order to correct mistakes in input and grammar. The native speakers' revisions consisted of (1) selecting expressions at the clause level, (2) correcting grammar in the middle of a sentence while expanding the preceding sentence, (3) adjusting expressions in light of the preceding context, and (4) revising wording based on the flow of the entire sentence. The Korean students' revisions comprised (1) trial and error due to input and deletion, (2) clarification of intent by expanding expressions, and (3) correction by paragraph units. Finally, the Chinese students’ revisions were characterized by (1) adjustment of phrases, (2) revision of short expressions, (3) revision according to predicate dependency, and (4) revision and movement of sentences.

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