Departmental Bulletin Paper 日本語学習者の作文執筆修正過程 : 中国人学習者と韓国人学習者の修正の位置と種類の分析から
The Writing Revision Process by Learners of Japanese: An Analysis of Position and Type of Revision by Chinese and Korean Learners

田中, 啓行  ,  石黒, 圭  ,  Hiroyuki, TANAKA  ,  Kei, ISHIGURO

(14)  , pp.255 - 274 , 2018-01 , 国立国語研究所
With the intention of understanding where and how university students who are learning Japanese revise their writings, this study analyzes the writing process of 2000-character long essays written by students using their personal computers. The parts for which the enter key and delete key were pressed during writing were recorded. Based on the record, the positions and types of revisions were tagged. A total of 180 essays were analyzed, which were categorized into three types (explanatory, opinionative, and historical) and written by 20 Chinese (CN) students learning Japanese, 20 Korean (KR) students learning Japanese, and 20 students who were native speakers of Japanese (JP). The largest “1. Number of revisions” was made by KR, followed by CN and JP in that order. Next, “2. Type of revisions” made in common by all three groups was “Alter,” “Insert,” “Delete,” “Repeat,” and “Move” in descending order. This indicates that the most frequent revision is to alter (i.e., delete an expression that was once entered and re-enter another). The proportion of each revision was similar between CN and JP students, while KR students made frequent “Insert” and “Repeat” revisions. Depending on the group, “3. Position of revisions” varied. CN students made frequent “Enter,” which means making revisions to the “Head” (the most recently entered part of the string currently being written) while writing the string. KR students made frequent revisions to “Outside paragraph,” which means making revisions to a paragraph other than the paragraph currently being written. Compared with those two groups, JP students made more frequent revisions to “Inside sentence,” which means making revisions to the sentence currently being written. Besides “2. Type of revisions” and “3. Position of revisions,” “Elaboration” tags were also calculated. Such tags were also given to a section where they revised a part and subsequently revised another part in a row without returning to the head. Then, nearly 50% of the revisions by KR students were “Elaboration,” which was higher in proportion than “Elaboration” by CN and JP students, which were approximately 30% and 20%, respectively. The study indicates the following: When making revisions, JP students consider not only the segments they are currently entering but also the scope of the sentence beyond the segment, while they do not make many consecutive revisions to multiple parts; KR students write a certain amount first and then focus on revising the paragraphs they have written; and CN students write while mainly revising the head of theirwritings.

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