Departmental Bulletin Paper 福井県坂井市三国町安島方言の三型アクセント : 付属語のアクセントと型の中和
The Three-pattern Accent System of the Antoh Dialect of Fukui Prefecture: Accentual Behavior of Particles and Accent Neutralization

松倉, 昂平  ,  Kohei, MATSUKURA

(14)  , pp.99 - 123 , 2018-01 , 国立国語研究所
ISSN:2186-134x print2186-1358 online
The Antoh dialect in Sakai City, Fukui Prefecture, has a three-pattern accent system, in which words have one of the three lexical accent patterns, Types A, B, and C, regardless of their length. This paper first describes the pitch patterns of the three distinctive accent types, and then discusses the accentual behavior of particles, which can drastically change the surface pitch pattern of the content word to which they attach. The same particles also cause accent neutralization; for instance, the distinction between Types A and B is neutralized when the particle doma ‘things like…’ is attached to a disyllabic word and that between Types B and C is neutralized when jaro ‘maybe’ is attached. In contrast, phrases consisting of a disyllabic word followed by the particle nara ‘as for’ or ‘if ’ retain the three-way distinction. Finally, this paper attempts to give a phonological explanation for the surface pitch realization of the three accent patterns, and proposes that the three patterns are phonologically distinguished by the type of tonal registers, which are lexical features deciding the direction of pitch movement up to the accented syllable, and the presence or absence of a lexically accented syllable after which pitch falls.

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