Departmental Bulletin Paper 基底と精緻化から見た複合語の分類 : 日本語複合動詞を中心に
The Classification of Compounds in Baseline/Elaboration Theory: Focusing on Japanese Compound Verbs

陳, 奕廷  ,  Yi-Ting, CHEN

(13)  , pp.25 - 50 , 2017-07 , 国立国語研究所
ISSN:2186-134x print2186-1358 online
The present paper proposes a new classification of compounds based on baseline/elaboration theory (Langacker 2016). According to the types of elaboration in the semantic pole, this paper classifies compounds into three types: (i) coordination, (ii) augmentation, and (iii) adaptation. By this classification, we can explain the headedness, the differences in productivity, and the restriction on the ordering of Japanese [V1-V2]V compound verbs (henceforth JCVs).In baseline/elaboration theory, the head of a compound can be considered as the baseline (B). Coordination is the combination of two words with similar meanings. The components of coordination compounds are equally substantive and constitute a dual baseline. Thus, both V1 and V2 are heads. In augmentation, the baseline is the head V2, and V1 is the slot filler (Additive) of V2. In adaptation, V2 is an adaptation relating B (V1 = head) to a higher-level structure B'. The restriction on the ordering of JCVs can be considered as the result of different constraints for each type. With a focus on adaptation type, this paper clarifies the possibility of mutual coupling between the concepts by utilizing a ten-billion-word scale Japanese web corpus named “NINJAL Web Japanese Corpus.”Regarding the productivity of JCVs, this paper examined the data in “The Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese (BCCWJ)” corpus and calculated their productivity. The result shows that type i has zero productivity, type ii has low productivity, and type iii has relatively high productivity. These characteristics of JCVs can be correctly predicted and adequately accounted for by the classification based on baseline/elaboration theory.

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