Departmental Bulletin Paper 現代日本語における動詞「ある」の多義構造
The Polysemic Structure of a Verb in Modern Japanese: The Case of aru

野田, 大志  ,  Hiroshi, NODA

(12)  , pp.81 - 110 , 2017-01 , 国立国語研究所
ISSN:2186-134x print2186-1358 online
This study aims to analyze comprehensively and systematically the polysemic structure of the verb aru in modern Japanese, based on cognitive linguistics. First, the significance of the study, which focuses on the lexical meaning of the verb aru (exist), is outlined. Second, the problems observed in the descriptions of aru in current Japanese dictionaries are highlighted. These problems are observed as primarily pertaining to the classification of the verb's meanings and its selection of metalanguages. Third, this study provides 20 different meanings of the verb aru. Moreover, it clarifies the process of semantic extension of these meanings using metaphor, synecdoche, and metonymy. Finally, this study suggests that combinations of these 20 meanings form a polysemic network in which these meanings are treated as nodes.

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