Departmental Bulletin Paper コ系の意味の再分析 : 指示詞体系における新たな最小の意味的対立
Reanalysis of the Meaning of ko- : The New Minimal Semantic Contrast in Demonstrative Systems

平田, 未季  ,  Miki, HIRATA

(10)  , pp.19 - 39 , 2016-01 , 国立国語研究所
ISSN:2186-134x print/2186-1358 online
This paper provides an analysis of the Japanese demonstrative pronoun ko- in its deictic use, based on spontaneous interaction data. The concept of new minimal semantic contrast introduced by Levinson (2000) and applied by Enfield (2003) is used as the framework of analysis. In contrast to previous accounts of ko- and a-, in which ko- encodes [+proximal] and a- encodes [-proximal], distributional findings show that the indicating ranges of ko- and a- are asymmetrical. While a- indicates only referents that are in a certain location, ko- has flexibility with regard to the spatial location of its referents and is also conceivable in contexts where a- is used. The present discussion reasons that ko- does not encode any spatial information, and shows that the proximity of ko- is not determined by semantic meaning, but by conversational implicature. This reasoning corresponds with the nature of the Lao demonstrative determiner system analyzed by Enfield (2003).

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