Departmental Bulletin Paper 非漢字系日本語学習者がレストランのクチコミから情報を得るときの方略と困難点
Strategies and Difficulties in Reading Restaurant Reviews on a Webpage for Japanese Language Learners from Non-Kanji Cultures

桑原, 陽子  ,  Yoko, KUWABARA

(9)  , pp.101 - 119 , 2015-07 , 国立国語研究所
ISSN:2186-134x print2186-1358 online
The purpose of this paper is to investigate how Japanese language learners whose native languages are not written with Kanji extract useful information from restaurant reviews written in authentic Japanese and the comprehension difficulties that arise. Nineteen Japanese learners from non-Kanji cultures participated in this research. They read restaurant reviews on a website while simultaneously reporting their reading process. The results showed the following: (i) Japanese learners tend to skim and scan the text in order to get information that reflects an evaluation of the restaurant, especially negative expressions. (ii) Japanese learners tend to acquire information from an adversative conjunction (e.g., kedo [though], demo [but]). (iii) Japanese learners tend to skim and scan the text and skip over useless information. (iv) Many Japanese learners, including advanced learners, have difficulty fully understanding important expressions that reflect an evaluation of the restaurant (e.g., CP [Cost Performance]). (v) Many Japanese learners, including advanced ones, have difficulty understanding expressions that can carry negative connotations (e.g., doo nan deshoo ka? [How is it that?]). (vi) Japanese learners are unable to understand the meaning of basic vocabulary because of the special characters on the website.

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