Departmental Bulletin Paper [研究ノート] 平壌楽浪地区出土『論語』竹簡の歴史的性格
[Research Notes] A Historical Study of the Bamboo Strips Edition of the Lunyu (Analects of Confucius) Unearthed in Nangnang District of P'yongyang

李, 成市

A bamboo strips edition of the Lunyu ( Analects of Confucius; hereinafter referred to as the “bamboo-strips Analects”) was excavated from Chongbaek-tong Tomb 364 in Nangnang District of P'yongyang ( the former Han Chinese Commandery of Lelang) in 1990, along with the wooden tablets of Household Registration of Lelang Commandery in the Fourth Year of Chuyuan and the Official Abstracts of Documents, though the lack of detailed academic information prevented research until 2009. This paper describes how the basic data of the bamboo-strips Analects unearthed from Chongbaek-tong Tomb 364 were disclosed and then identifies the occupant of the tomb as a local subordinate official of Lelang Commandery by examining the characteristics of Chongbaek-tong Tomb 364 and the artifacts unearthed there. Moreover, according to the two pictures taken at the time of the excavation and the statements of the excavating organization, this article suggests that the bamboo-strips Analects unearthed from Chongbaek-tong Tomb 364 originally consisted of Xian Jin and Yan Yuan chapters (the 11th and 12th chapter of the bamboo-strips Analects, composed of approximately 120 strips in total) , though only 31 strips ( 557 characters) of Xian Jin chapter and eight strips ( 144 characters) of Yan Yuan chapter can be seen in the pictures.The bamboo-strips Analects is characterized by its writing style that the paragraphs are separated and segmented by a bullet at the beginning and a space at the end. This is considered to reflect the literacy of the occupant of the tomb; unlike readers in central administration, he seems to have been able to distinguish the beginning and end of each paragraph. Given that the occupant of Chongbaek-tong Tomb 364 was an ordinary person in the P'yongyang region, the bamboo-strips Analects excavated from the tomb can be an important historical source that can provide fixed-point information to examine how the Chinese character culture was accepted in the Korean Peninsula.

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