Departmental Bulletin Paper 矢内原忠雄の政治思想(2)―戦後の民主主義論と絶対的非戦論―
The Political Thought of Tadao Yanaihara(2) -His Postwar Conception of Democracy and Absolute Pacifism-

古賀, 敬太  ,  コガ, ケイタ  ,  Koga, Keita

This article attempts to analyze the conception of democracy and absolute pacifism in Yanaihara’s political thought. For Yanaihara democracy didn’t mean majority rule or due process ,but meant creation of political subject who bearsresponsibility for his nation. As to his pacifism he refused the role of balance of power in international relations and went too far into the negation of the right of self defense. Since he was skeptical of the conception “justice” in politicalarena, he clearly denied to distinguish just war and unjust war. Yanaihara insisted that democracy and absolute pacifism can be fully realized, when nations experience the religious reformation in their souls. In this sense,democracy and absolute pacifism go hand in hand with spiritual revolutionoccurred by Christianity. It is true that such an approach met with severecriticism, but it’s a really interesesting attempt to consider the public role ofreligion, if, we don’t confine religion in the private affair.

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