Departmental Bulletin Paper 臓器移植論争に見る死生観の相違
Divergent Views of Human Death Underlying Controversies over Organ Transplantation

柴嵜, 雅子  ,  シバサキ, マサコ  ,  Masako, Shibasaki

Description
 As the title of the white paper released by the President’s Council of Bioethics in 2008 illustrates, controversies in the determination of death have been rather intensified than settled. They are rooted in divergent views of when human life ends, which this paper aims to clarify. Some opponents of neurological death claim that it should be nevertheless allowed to procure vital organs from brain dead patients because they are alive as an organism but dead as a human being. This argument is based on the mind-body dualism that regards only mind as the essence of being human. Discounting such Cartesian and individualistic paradigm, others maintain that cessation of brain function alone does not constitutes the death of a person because we are inseparably integrated mind-body units. From this perspective, harvesting organs means hurting humans even after their cardiac death.
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