Departmental Bulletin Paper オーストリア共和国の連合国による管理(1945〜1955年) ─オーストリアの再建をめざして─ (3・完)
The Austria Republic under the Control of the Allied Powers (1945~1955) ─ The Reconstruction of Austria after Nazism ─ (3)

奥, 正嗣  ,  オク, マサツグ  ,  Oku, Masatsugu

 This paper examines Austria Republic under the Control of the Allied powers. In April 1945, Austria was released from Hitler-Nazis, and got under the Control of the Allied powers. Under various restrictions of the Allied powers, Austrian political parties, provisional central government, and provisional local government played an important part in the reconstruction and democratization of Austria. Austrian provisional central government enacted the Provisional Constitution of 1945, which declared Austria as a legislative-and administrative power combined, centralized, united State. After a while, federalism was restored by the amendment of the Provisional Constitution. In December 1945, the Federal Constitution of 1929 came into effect again, instead of the Provisional Constitution of 1945. In 1955, Austrian Republic recoverd the sovereignty completely, still more declared a permanently neutralized state..

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