紀要論文 介護福祉教育と介護研修における「家政教育・研修ニーズ」に関する研究 : 6種類の施設・事業所の介護福祉士を対象とした調査結果の比較分析から
A study on “Home economics education/training needs” in education at training school for certified care-workers and training for care-worker: From research to certified care-workers in six types of facilities

福田, 明  ,  栗栖, 照雄  ,  渡邊, 一平  ,  横山, 奈緒枝  ,  フクダ, アキラ  ,  クリス, テルオ  ,  ワタナベ, イッペイ  ,  ヨコヤマ, ナオエ  ,  Akira, FUKUDA  ,  Teruo, KURISU  ,  Ippei, WATANABE  ,  Naoe, YOKOYAMA

内容記述
本研究では,介護福祉士が現在の仕事に「役立つ」と感じる有用な家政内容を「家政教育・研修ニーズ」とし,それを把握することで介護福祉教育(介護福祉士養成校での教育)と介護研修(介護現場での研修)の連携のあり方を明らかにすることを目的とした.質問票調査回答者のうち介護老人福祉施設109人,介護老人保健施設117人,認知症グループホーム69人,訪問介護137人,通所介護94人,通所リハ137人を分析対象とし,家政内容67項目の役立ち度を4段階で評価した.その結果,①事故・災害防止策や室内環境整備,加齢・障害・疾病に応じた栄養・調理の内容は共通して高い,②施設・事業所の特性によって異なる内容は調理知識・技術系,住居管理系,被服管理・技術系に分けられる,③養成校卒業者も介護福祉教育や介護研修で家政を学ぶ必要性を高く認識する傾向が判明した.以上を踏まえ,介護福祉士に必要な家政内容を養成校と介護現場の双方が周知し,介護福祉教育と介護研修が連動する中で継続的・段階的に学べる体制の必要性が示唆された.
The study aims to clarify how a cooperation should be established between education at training school for certified care-workers and training for care-workers while certified care-workers experiences and comprehends the contents of effectibe household management in the job as “Home economics education/training needs”. Among the respondents for the questionnaire surbey, the study evaluated 67 household items with 4 useful levels by targeting 109 respondents at nursing care homes for elderly, 117 respondents at longterm care health facilities. 69 respondents at group home for elderly with dementia, 137 respondents for home-visit nursing care, 94 respondents for elderly day-service, and 137 respondents for elderly day-care as analytic subjects. As the result, the study found that ① Common to be a high level in accident/disaster prevention, indoor environment maintenance, and nutrition/cooking in accordance with aging/disability/sickness, ②Possible categorization for different contents by the characteristic of facility/business establishment such as cooking knowledge/technical related items, housing management related items, and clothing management/technical related items, and ③Even graduates from training school are more likely to highly recognize the need for learning household management throuth education at training school for certified care-workers and training for care-workers. With the consideration of the above, it is suggested that a continuous/phased learning system will be necessary while both training school and nursing care workplace understand necessary household contents, and education at training school for certified careworkers and training for care-workers work closely together.
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