Departmental Bulletin Paper 「神的な操り人形」とその《外部》―プラトン『法律』第一巻―

高橋, 雅人

In the first book of the Laws Plato compares human beings to divine puppets. His view of humankind expressed in this simile has often been regarded as pessimistic because Plato also says that we might be only gods' toys. But recent scholars deny the pessimistic impression. For example, Schopsdau argues that because these puppets are guided by the divinity this simile should be considered as optimistic rather than pessimistic. I agree on that with Schopsdau but he does not argue this simile in the wider context of book 1, which is critical to the interpretation of the divine puppets simile. Because this simile is introduced to make clearer what self-mastery really means, I analyze the interlocutors' notion of self-mastery and how the Athenian Stranger criticizes them and leads them to the right meaning of self-mastery by using the divine puppets simile.

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