Departmental Bulletin Paper 幼稚園教員養成課程における「観察法」の指導意義と方法 : TVドキュメンタリー活用の試み
Significance and Method of Teaching "the Observation Method" in the Kindergarten Teacher Training Course: Experimenting with the Utilization of TV Documentaries
ヨウチエン キョウイン ヨウセイ カテイ ニ オケル カンサツホウ ノ シドウ イギ ト ホウホウ TV ドキュメンタリー カツヨウ ノ ココロミ

大杉, 稔  ,  Minoru, OSUGI 

Not only is the "observation method" the most widely used method for understanding children, but it is also the most important. For this reason, in kindergarten teacher training courses at higher education institutions, the focus of instruction is also guided by this method. However, there are 3 major obstacles in teaching observation methodology in universities. First, it is difficult to visit kindergartens and do observation if the number of university students is large. Secondly, if the observer cannot have close contact with the children, it is difficult to capture their voices and expressions, and therefore one cannot come face-to-face with "the facts of learning ". Thirdly, it is important to continue to observe the same child over an extended period of time as well as observe that child’s interpersonal relationships. This is impossible to do by a single observation. On the other hand, using TV documentaries about infant learning that has had pertinent and interesting facts extracted is an attractive alternative. If the intent of production matches the purpose of university education, it should be actively utilized. This research paper reveals that by effectively utilizing video materials of TV documentaries in actual classroom practice, that students can acquire the basics of observation methodology.

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