Departmental Bulletin Paper When Do Japanese-Speaking People Use Mental Verbs?
ニホンゴ ワシャ ガ バメン ビョウシャ デ シンテキ ドウシ オ モチイル ジョウケン

辻, 弘美  ,  ツジ, ヒロミ  ,  Hiromi, TSUJI

The present study examined situations in which Japanese-speakers use mental verbs to describe events. The experiment involved the participants viewing a series of video clips in which the main actress performed a series of actions, some of which lead her to holding false beliefs. The participants were assigned to one of two independent groups where they were either viewing the scenes with or without syntactic frame- works when describing the scenes. The participants’ verb use in terms of types and frequency were compared be- tween the types of scenes and the presence or absence of a syntactic framework. All the participants used pro- portionally greater mental verbs in the scenes that involved false-beliefs. However, when the two groups were compared, the participants with the aid of a syntactic framework used a greater proportion of mental verbs than those without syntactic frameworks. The implications for the findings are discussed in relation to the acquisition of mental verbs and the development of theory of mind.

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