紀要論文 農山間地域の高齢者が「できる限り在宅生活を継続する」ために必要な要件 : 民生委員の活動を通し高齢者の生活の実情と課題を探る
Requirements for elderly adults in rural communities to be able to continue living at home as long as possible : Understanding the lives of elderly adults and challenges they face through public and child welfare committee activities

石橋, 文枝

内容記述
本研究は、高齢者ができる限り在宅生活を継続するための要件を明らかにすることを目的とした。島根県の東部に位置する雲南市の農山間地域の2つの町村に焦点を当て、雲南市社会福祉協議会の協力を得て、2つ町村の民生委員に「高齢者の生活の実情と課題」についてインタビューガイドに基づき、フォーカス・グループインタビューを実施した。分析は質的帰納法を用いて分析を行った。結果、農山間地域でも2つの町村の地域差に伴う住民の生活意識の違いや民生・児童委員の介入の程度の違いが高齢者の安心・安全な生活に影響を与えること、また、高齢者の支援を阻害する要因等が明らかになった。以上のことから、支援者側のノウハウだけではなく、高齢者と地域のつながりの仕組みや高齢者自身の生き方・考え方・家族とのつながりの強化が求められた。
The objective of this study was to determine what is required for elderly adults to be able to continue living at home as long as possible. The study focused on two rural communities in Unnan City, which is located in the eastern part of Shimane Prefecture in Japan. With the cooperation of the Unnan City Council of Social Welfare, public and child welfare committees in the two towns were interviewed in focus groups about the lives of elderly adults and the challenges they face, based on a guided interview format, and qualitative inductive analysis was performed. It was found that even though both areas were rural communities, factors such as differences in residents' lifestyles due to local differences between the communities and differences in the extent of intervention by public and child welfare committees affected the safety and security of elderly adults' lives. Factors that impede support by those who support elderly adults were also identified. These results indicate that requirements beyond the expertise of those who offer support include engaging in efforts to connect elderly adults with their community and enhancing connections of support to elderly adults' lifestyles, ways of thinking, and families.
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