Tourism and Its Sustainability in a Local Community Participation Model : A Theoretical DiscussionTourism and Its Sustainability in a Local Community Participation Model : A Theoretical Discussion Tourism and Its Sustainability in a Local Community Participation Model : A Theoretical Discussion
Tourism, particularly community tourism, has been vigorously adopted as an economicmagnifier in almost all economies. I have been advocated in tourism literature as a remarkablecontributor to socioeconomic and environmental justice, because of its contributions to creatingemployment opportunities and promoting cultural and environmental conservation activitiesat the local level. A community`s enthusiasm towards tourism may be undermined by amongothers, diverse stakeholders` vested interests, and elite hegemonies in the decision-makerprocess. These factors often obstruct the equal participation in the tourism decision-makerprocess. Although the tourism literature has stressed the importance of local communityparticipation in tourism decision-maker, research on the actual level of community participationis relatively scarce; Among the limited research is Arnstein`s（ 1969） analysis, called the ladderof citizen participation in which she explained the progression of non-participation to citizencontrol. This study aims to fill such research gap by exploring the actual level of residentparticipation in a community setting based on Arnstein`s framework.