紀要論文 The Characteristics of Historic Urban Quarters in Ternate, Indonesia Based on Analysis of Urban Space and Architectural Heritage
インドネシア・テルナテの歴史的市街地区の特色 : 都市空間および建築遺産の分析

マウラナ, イブラヒム  ,  金澤, 成保

内容記述
This paper aims to reveal the characteristics of Ternate city's historic quarters that has started inhabited since the 17th century both architecturally and its built environment. Ternate city is located in the active volcano island, with an area of 111 Km2 leaving the historical quarter in the city center, which was originally formed as a result of trade and political relations between the Sultanate of Ternate and the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC). The VOC monopoly that divided the capital city of Ternate into quarters based on religion and ethnicity politics shaped the early pattern of Ternate today. The city center area consists of the Sultanate quarter, Makassar quarter, Chinese quarter, and Fort Oranje as the center of VOC rule in the early 17th century (1607-1613) before it moved to Batavia. Nowadays, the massive development of Ternate city in the historic center is increasingly changing its historical cityscape, but still leave distinctive residential blocks with straight paths that run north to south, connecting the Sultan Palace to Fort Oranje, with some noblemen houses, traditional wooden houses and the houses of merchant and religious leaders.
This paper aims to reveal the characteristics of Ternate city's historic quarters that has started inhabited since the 17th century both architecturally and its built environment. Ternate city is located in the active volcano island, with an area of 111 Km2 leaving the historical quarter in the city center, which was originally formed as a result of trade and political relations between the Sultanate of Ternate and the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC). The VOC monopoly that divided the capital city of Ternate into quarters based on religion and ethnicity politics shaped the early pattern of Ternate today. The city center area consists of the Sultanate quarter, Makassar quarter, Chinese quarter, and Fort Oranje as the center of VOC rule in the early 17th century (1607-1613) before it moved to Batavia. Nowadays, the massive development of Ternate city in the historic center is increasingly changing its historical cityscape, but still leave distinctive residential blocks with straight paths that run north to south, connecting the Sultan Palace to Fort Oranje, with some noblemen houses, traditional wooden houses and the houses of merchant and religious leaders.
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