Departmental Bulletin Paper 群衆から集合的知性へ
From Crowd to Collective Intelligence

曽我, 千亜紀

Description
In this paper, we aim to approach the following question: does the people's behavior in cyberspace remain as instinctive as it does in the crowd? First, we will consider the difference between the crowd and the natural condition as described by Hobbes. Then, against this, we will develop the example of mutual help that citizens are spontaneously capable of in disaster situations and also Tarde's concept of" public". Finally, since both Hobbes and Tarde seem to miss a dimension when thinking about the crowd, we try to demonstrate how "informational entity" could help us formulate a more willing and hence positive conception of collective intelligence. This will enable the creation of a design for a form of a new cooperative that utilizes the characteristics of cyberspace.
In this paper, we aim to approach the following question: does the people's behavior in cyberspace remain as instinctive as it does in the crowd? First, we will consider the difference between the crowd and the natural condition as described by Hobbes. Then, against this, we will develop the example of mutual help that citizens are spontaneously capable of in disaster situations and also Tarde's concept of" public". Finally, since both Hobbes and Tarde seem to miss a dimension when thinking about the crowd, we try to demonstrate how "informational entity" could help us formulate a more willing and hence positive conception of collective intelligence. This will enable the creation of a design for a form of a new cooperative that utilizes the characteristics of cyberspace.
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