Departmental Bulletin Paper キーツのユーモア
Keats's Humor

山本, 由美子

Description
John Keats, who died at age 25, was an English Romantic poet known for his acute sense of beauty and strong sensibility. He is generally thought to have written serious pieces without jokes or laughter. It is also true, however, that the majority of his works during his short career are ambiguous. In addition, he respected Shakespeare, distinguished for his command of puns, jokes, irony and sarcasm, and indeed hoped to be a great writer like him. Keats, therefore, could be said to have had quite a sense of humor. In fact, it is noted that the English sense of humor leads to keeping of a moderate and passive course and toleration of men's defects. In light of such detachment to the real world, it is connected to Keats's key concept of "Negative Capability," the ability of being in half-knowledge, or "poetical Character" without any identity. Moreover, he thinks humor is superior to wit as written in his letter. In this respect it would be significant to consider Keats's humor. This paper will focus on Keats's humorous poems and letters, and additionally the spirit of laughter in Keats's writings to demonstrate how humor operates and makes each piece more profound, which is critical for an accurate understanding of Keats and his works.
John Keats, who died at age 25, was an English Romantic poet known for his acute sense of beauty and strong sensibility. He is generally thought to have written serious pieces without jokes or laughter. It is also true, however, that the majority of his works during his short career are ambiguous. In addition, he respected Shakespeare, distinguished for his command of puns, jokes, irony and sarcasm, and indeed hoped to be a great writer like him. Keats, therefore, could be said to have had quite a sense of humor. In fact, it is noted that the English sense of humor leads to keeping of a moderate and passive course and toleration of men's defects. In light of such detachment to the real world, it is connected to Keats's key concept of "Negative Capability," the ability of being in half-knowledge, or "poetical Character" without any identity. Moreover, he thinks humor is superior to wit as written in his letter. In this respect it would be significant to consider Keats's humor. This paper will focus on Keats's humorous poems and letters, and additionally the spirit of laughter in Keats's writings to demonstrate how humor operates and makes each piece more profound, which is critical for an accurate understanding of Keats and his works.
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