Departmental Bulletin Paper Transnational Migration between Brazil and Japan : Implication on Brazilian children's Education
ブラジルと日本間のトランスナショナル・マイグレーション : 移動する子どもたちの教育への影響
ブラジル ト ニホンカン ノ トランスナショナル マイグレーション : イドウスル コドモタチ ノ キョウイク エノ エイキョウ

イシカワ, エウニセ アケミ  ,  イシカワ, エウニセ アケミ  ,  Eunice Akemi, ISHIKAWA

The migration between Japan and Brazil commenced in 1908 with the Japanese emigration from Japan to Brazil. Inthe mid-1980s, motivated by the Japanese labor shortage in the manufacturing sector and by the economic recessionin Brazil, a reverse movement of Japanese-Brazilians to Japan began. This movement increased considerably after thereform of the Japanese Immigration Control Law in 1989, which became effective in June, 1990. This reform permittedJapanese descendants (Nikkeijin) up to the third generation to enter Japan and reside for an extended period with nolimitations on their activities in the country, including working in unskilled jobs. Currently (2012), the Brazilian population in Japan totals 190,581. Of that total 34,233 (17%) are under 15 years old.From these data, we can conclude that many of these children attend, or have attended, school in Japan. The prospect for Japanese-Brazilian children in the future depends on where they settle. Lacking a higher educationa large number of Brazilian children experience difficulties with stability and ascension in both Japanese and Braziliansocieties. In this paper I will focus on cases of young Brazilians raised in Japan who were successful in obtaining ahigher education in Japanese universities, although they are currently the minority.

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