紀要論文 養護教諭養成教育における看護技術に関する調査
Survey on Nursing Skills in School Nurse Education

新沼, 正子  ,  北口, 和美  ,  Masako, Niinuma  ,  Kazumi, Kitaguti

(46)  , pp.119 - 128 , 2018-02-20 , 安田女子大学
ISSN:02896494
NII書誌ID(NCID):AN00242368
内容記述
The present study examines the nursing skills covered in the school nurse training curriculum in nursing sciences, a “subject related to protective care.”Various studies have examined nursing skills in the past, but the nursing skills have been explored independently by researchers, indicating that the sets of nursing skills examined in these studies vary depending on the researcher conducting the research. The same can be said of nursing skills taught in training and educational programs for school nurses: the content is not systematized and is chosen by the teacher assigned to teach the subject.School nurses are expected to have increasingly high levels of nursing skills based onscientific and medical knowledge to fulfill the demands in a profession built on medical and nursing sciences. The purpose of this study was therefore to systematize and elucidate the nursing skills that school nurses need to be trained in through their education.We distributed surveys to 388 school nurses working in three cities in Prefecture H between July and August 2016 to collect data on nursing skills that should be ideally acquired through education. Our survey consisted of 136 items in 13 areas of nursing skills as parameters of our research, which were taken from the “Achievement of Skill Categories in Midwifery and Nursing Education at Graduation (2008)” issued by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. We received responses from 168 school nurses.We found the following through this survey. ① A total of 7649 skills were selected out of 136 items used as parameters for nursing skills, or 45.5 selected skills per respondent. ② Thirty-four items were selected by 50% or more of the respondents. ③ First-aid procedures,providing comfort, environmental adjustment, safety management, and infection control were recognized as the nursing skills considered particularly important to attain through education. ④ Respondents with fewer years of experience tended to select more nursing skills. ⑤ School nurses at elementary and middle schools selected common nursing skills, and there were no significant differences between the two. ⑥ School nurses certified with a nursing license selected significantly more nursing skills. ⑦ There were 54 items which were selected by 50% or more respondents by attribute. ⑧ Ultimately, 75 items in 13 areas were determined to be the most important nursing skills, with consideration for attributes, modern health objectives,and medical care.In this report, we elucidated the nursing skills that were deemed ideal to be attained through education as evaluated by current school nurses. Based on these results, we ultimately presented the 75 most important items among 13 areas of nursing skills to be acquired in the university to enrich the field of nursing science.
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