The idea of “good wife, wise mother” was one of the most important principle in the Meiji period. The one who put forward the principle of “good wife, wise mother” clearly is Utako Shimoda, who is also the founder of Jissen Joshi Gakuen. Thus it’s apparent that Shimoda’s “good wife, wise mother” principle occupied a very important position in modern female education. Shimoda not only conceived the idea of “good wife, wise mother”, but also put it into practice in her education for about 50 years. Her concept of “good wife, wise mother” was not always identical throughout her rich career of education and experience of studying abroad. She started her career by founding Toyo School, and she was later appointed to manage the Peeress’ School. Later she also devoted herself to the establishment of Jissen Girls’ School and Jissen Girls’ Polytechnic, which attempted to give public female education. In addition she studied in Europe and the US for 2 years. Through these experiences she changed her concepts of female education. In Toyo Girls’ School, Shimoda carried out traditional education of etiquette for girls from the upper class without the idea of educating the girls “for the sake of the country”. At the Peeress’ School she paid more attention to giving practical knowledge. As Shimoda came to be more aware of herself as a representative of the government in the field of female education at the Peeress’ School, she began to refer to the education “for the sake of the country”. As a result, her concepts of nation and national female education gradually became more crystalized. Before studying abroad she used the word “kuni (country)”, while after the experiences in Europe and America she began to use the word “kokka (nation)”. From these things it is possible to say that her concepts of nation and national female education were not sufficiently developed before studying in Europe and America.