Departmental Bulletin Paper 教育相談における ボランティア・ヘルパーの意義と活用
The Importance and Use of Volunteer Helpers in Educational Consultation

岸田, 幸弘

(904)  , pp.101 - 109 , 2016-02-01 , 昭和女子大学
ISSN:13480103
NCID:AN00038441
Description
It has become a general practice to employ a team approach in providing educational consultation and support in schools. In team support, it is important that all members understand each other's expertise, abilities and that they are clear about how authority will be delegated. Though volunteers have been helpful, there has not been much research into their effectiveness. In this paper, the importance and effectiveness of volunteer helpers are discussed based on the analysis of several case studies of psychoeducational support service helpers. The results show that there are three ways of incorporating volunteer helpers:(a)maintaining an already-established, naturally formed relationship,(b)intentionally employing a volunteer helper when necessary, and(c)having a volunteer helper as a part of a formal support network. In addition, respecting the spirit of volunteerism and making sure the volunteers are not overly-worked or experiencing stress because of the expectations placed upon them is important. Moreover, when volunteer helpers are incorporated as a part of the support structure, care should be taken not to undermine their expertise and authority in support activities.
It has become a general practice to employ a team approach in providing educational consultation and support in schools. In team support, it is important that all members understand each other's expertise, abilities and that they are clear about how authority will be delegated. Though volunteers have been helpful, there has not been much research into their effectiveness. In this paper, the importance and effectiveness of volunteer helpers are discussed based on the analysis of several case studies of psychoeducational support service helpers. The results show that there are three ways of incorporating volunteer helpers:(a)maintaining an already-established, naturally formed relationship,(b)intentionally employing a volunteer helper when necessary, and(c)having a volunteer helper as a part of a formal support network. In addition, respecting the spirit of volunteerism and making sure the volunteers are not overly-worked or experiencing stress because of the expectations placed upon them is important. Moreover, when volunteer helpers are incorporated as a part of the support structure, care should be taken not to undermine their expertise and authority in support activities.
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