Departmental Bulletin Paper 朝日大学歯学部における試験成績情報を可視化するためのマクロプログラムの開発

杉山, 明子  ,  大橋, たみえ  ,  滝川, 俊也

Mark card decryption “SS kun III®”(Education Software, Tokyo) for multiple choice question-type examinations was introduced in Asahi University School of Dentistry in the academic year 2014. This system reads mark cards and scores and computes various reports to analyze questions and answers. Reports can be output in text format. Questions with a low percentage of correct answers can be identified, and text output reports for individual records can be analyzed using spreadsheets. Data from these reports are visible after each examination allowing feedback to faculty and students. These visible observations were made available via placard rather than an unintuitive list of scores enumerated in order of student ID numbers. However, it takes approximately 1 h to prepare the visible observations, even by a person familiar with spreadsheet software. Therefore, we developed a macro program system to make examination data automatically visible and allow observations to be prepared easily by anyone. Students complete multiple choice question-type examinations 17 times per year in the oral anatomy class. Using this macro program, students can be notified of the average score, all students’ scores in ranking order, correct answers, accuracy rate, and a histogram of scores after each examination. Thus, students can intuitively evaluate their score based on these notices. The analysis of examination result data and questionnaires showed that visible examination data accelerates faculty and students’ metacognition. Using the PDCA cycle, the faculty continually improves education, and students are encouraged to study. Repetitious multiple choice question-type examinations, releasing visualized examination result data, and lectures about examinations are considered to be effective in improving educational quality.

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