Departmental Bulletin Paper Apoptosis-induced Proliferation in UV-Irradiated Human Conjunctival Epithelial Cells

TOMOYORI Eiji:筆頭著者  ,  UDAKA Yuko:責任著者  ,  TSUJI Mayumi  ,  SASAKI Akiko  ,  KIZAKI Junichiro  ,  OYAMADA Hideto  ,  TOJU Akiko  ,  TSUCHIYA Hiromichi  ,  MURAYAMA Mai  ,  KUDO Yoshiko  ,  OGUCHI Katsuji

27 ( 3 )  , pp.193 - 203 , 2015-09 , Showa University Society
A pterygium is a benign growth that develops on the conjunctiva and, in some cases, extends to the cornea and interferes with vision. Excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light is one of the causes of pterygium development. We previously reported that UV-induced apoptosis is led by production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that activate p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in human conjunctival epithelial (HCE) cells. Also, ROS-dependent induction of interleukin-11 (IL-11) has been reported to upregulate MAPK pathways, which results in compensatory proliferation. In this study, we examined the effect of UV exposure on HCE cells, in terms of change in apoptosis, ROS generation, phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), levels of IL-11 (a key cytokine in tissue repair and compensatory proliferation), production of activator protein 1 (AP-1), and expression of c-myc, c-fos and c-jun (which provides evidence of healthy cell proliferation). Apoptosis in HCE cells was induced by UV light irradiation (312nm, 4.94mW/cm2). Apoptosis was measured using the Muse Annexin V and Dead Cell Assay Kit. ROS generation was measured by using 5-(and 6-) chloromethyl-2'7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate, acetyl ester. JNK phosphorylation, IL-11 levels and AP-1 production were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). Imnunocytochemical staining was used to measure c-myc, c-fos and c-jun expression. UV irradiation increased ROS generation, phosphorylation of JNK, and apoptotic cell count. IL-11 levels and AP-1 production were significantly increased by UV irradiation. The irradiated cells had increased expression of c-myc, c-fos and c-jun, and treatment of the cells with IL-11 significantly increased expression of c-myc, c-fos and c-jun. These results suggest that the release of IL-11 from UV-induced apoptotic HCE cells and surrounding healthy cells could promote proliferation to maintain homeostasis.

Number of accesses :  

Other information