Journal Article Students’ attitudes toward maternity nursing training:Changes prior to, during, and following training and gender differences

NIE,Ikuko  ,  MUROTSU,Fumiko

Purpose: The present study examined students’ images and thoughts of maternity nursing training, including their changes and gender differences, to help improve maternity nursing training. Methods: The subjects were nine male and fourteen female students who underwent maternity nursing training in 2012 and consented to participate in the study. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with due ethical consideration. The interviews were recorded with their approval, documented verbatim, and analyzed using text-mining. Results: Text analysis conducted prior to training extracted the characteristic words“ male”, “female”, and“ go + want to do …?” used by male students, and“ image” and“ good” used by female students. Text analysis conducted following training extracted the characteristic words“ father” and “experience + can…” used by male students, and“ child-birth” and“ mother” used by female students. “correspondence analysis with bubble charting” was conducted to examine the relationships between the attributes of subjects and their characteristic words, and the words used by male students prior to training deviated from the remainder. As“ featured-word-analysis” results, separate clusters were formed for characteristic words used by males and females both prior to and during training. However, following training, no significant differences were noted between male and female students. Conclusion: Female students had positive images of maternity nursing training prior to participating in it, whereas male students had not understood its necessity prior to undergoing the training, presumably because male nurses would not work on the maternity ward. However, after undergoing training, male students were able to view what they had experienced during the training on the maternity ward and develop future images of themselves as fathers, in the same manner as female students focusing on child-birth and becoming mothers.

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