When observing the political changes in modern China, Konan Naito quite seriously analyzed the internal and external difficulties faced by China then from the aspects of educational, financial, political and national issues. Compared to the ideological trend of that times, he believed that the power of China's reform is based on the "historical logic" of its own development. And the power just existed in the countryside. He was disappointed with the political elite in China. He pinned his hope of China's Unification on the rural community, which is represented by "Rural autonomy". He also hoped to introduce external forces as a political-integration power to transform old China's political organization. But, Konan Naito proposed his "international governance" theory which regarded the imperialist powers as the external forces. Meanwhile the tragedy of his mind began.