||The effect of cross-cultural videoconferencing on EFL learners' oral fluency
14 , 2015-11-13
This study investigated whether cross-cultural videoconferencing improves EFL learners' oral fluency due to natural information gaps and English only audience brought by videoconferencing. To test this hypothesis, Japanese students' speaking rate in crosscultural discussion was compared with their rate in uni-cultural discussion. In a unicultural exchange on "Family," the average speaking rate of Japanese students was 36.9 words per minute (wpm), while in the cross-cultural exchange it was 40.6 wpm. The speaking rate in uni-cultural discussion was not significantly different from that of cross-cultural exchange (t=－0.457, df=5, p<0.667). Similarly, in a uni-cultural exchange on the "Meaning of Life," the average speaking rate was 30.1 wpm, while in the crosscultural exchange it was 40.2 wpm. The speaking rate of uni-cultural discussion was not significantly different from that of cross-cultural discussion (t=2.001, df=6, p<0.092), either. Thus, these results were not congruent with the hypothesis, and the factors for this incongruence were discussed.