Journal Article Correlation of surface chemical states with hydrogen isotope retention in divertor tiles of JET with ITER-Like Wall

Oya, Yasuhisa  ,  Masuzaki, Suguru  ,  Tokitani, Masayuki  ,  Azuma, Keisuke  ,  Oyaidzu, Makoto  ,  Isobe, Kanetsugu  ,  Asakura, Nobuyuki  ,  M. Widdowson, Anna  ,  Heinola, Kalle  ,  Jachmich, Stefan  ,  Rubel, Marek  ,  contributors, JET

132pp.24 - 28 , 2018-07 , Elsevier
To understand the fuel retention mechanism, correlation of surface chemical states and hydrogen isotope retention behavior determined by XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) and TDS (Thermal desorption spectroscopy), respectively, for JET ITER-Like Wall samples from operational period 2011-2012 were investigated. It was found that the deposition layer was formed on the upper part of the inner vertical divertor area. At the inner plasma strike point region, the original surface materials, W or Mo, were found, indicating to an erosion-dominated region, but deposition of impurities was also found. Higher heat load would induce the formation of metal carbide. At the outer horizontal divertor tile, mixed material layer was formed with iron as an impurity. TDS showed the H and D desorption behavior and the major D desorption temperature for the upper part of the inner vertical tile was located at 370 °C and 530 °C. At the strike point region, the D desorption temperature was clearly shifted toward higher release temperatures, indicating the stabilization of D trapping by higher heat load.

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