Journal Article Surface modification and sputtering erosion of iron and copper exposed to low-energy, high-flux deuterium plasmas seeded with metal species

Kh Alimov, V.  ,  Hatano, Y.  ,  Balden, M.  ,  小柳津, 誠  ,  磯部, 兼嗣  ,  中村, 博文  ,  林, 巧

Four sets of targets were used in this study: (1) Fe targets surrounded with 304 type stainless steel composed of mid-Z elements: Fe, Cr, Ni, and Mn (designated as Fe[304SS] targets), (2) Fe targets surrounded with high-Z tungsten (designated as Fe[W] targets), (3) Cu targets surrounded with mid-Z copper (designated as Cu[Cu] targets), and (4) Cu targets surrounded with high-Z tungsten (designated as Cu[W] targets). The targets were exposed to low-energy (140 and 200 eV), high-flux (about 1022 D/m2s) deuterium (D) plasmas at various temperatures in the range from 355 to 740 K. The surface morphology of the Fe and Cu targets is found to be dependent strongly on atomic number of re-deposited species and on the exposure temperature. For the Fe[W] and Cu[W] targets, due to formation of the W-enriched nano-sized structures on the target surfaces, the sputtering erosion yield is lower than that for the Fe[304SS] and Cu[Cu] targets, respectively. For the Fe[304SS], Fe[W], and Cu[W] targets, the sputtering erosion yield is increased distinctly as the exposure temperature rises from 355 to 740 K.

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