Journal Article Calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) mediates radiation-induced mitochondrial fission by regulating the phosphorylation of dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) at serine 616

Bo , Tomoki  ,  Yamamori, Tohru  ,  Suzuki, Motofumi  ,  Sakai, Yuri  ,  Yamamoto, Kumiko

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Mitochondrial dynamics are suggested to be indispensable for the maintenance of cellular quality and function in response to various stresses. While ionizing radiation (IR) stimulates mitochondrial fission, which is mediated by the mitochondrial fission protein, dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), it remains unclear how IR promotes Drp1 activation and subsequent mitochondrial fission. Therefore, we conducted this study to investigate these concerns. First, we found that X-irradiation triggered Drp1 phosphorylation at serine 616 (S616) but not at serine 637 (S637). Reconstitution analysis revealed that introduction of wild-type (WT) Drp1 recovered radiation-induced mitochondrial fission, which was absent in Drp1-deficient cells. Compared with cells transfected with WT or S637A Drp1, the change in mitochondrial shape following irradiation was mitigated in S616A Drp1-transfected cells. Furthermore, inhibition of CaMKII significantly suppressed Drp1 S616 phosphorylation and mitochondrial fission induced by IR. These results suggest that Drp1 phosphorylation at S616, but not at S637, is prerequisite for radiation-induced mitochondrial fission and that CaMKII regulates Drp1 phosphorylation at S616 following irradiation.

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