Journal Article Quantification of myocardial blood flow with 11C-hydroxyephedrine dynamic PET: comparison with 15O-H2O PET.

Hiroshima, Yuji  ,  Manabe, Osamu  ,  Naya, Masanao  ,  Aikawa, Tadao  ,  Obara, Masahiko  ,  Yoshinaga, Keiichiro  ,  Tomiyama, Yuuki  ,  Magota, Keiichi  ,  Tamaki, Nagara  ,  Katoh, Chietsugu  ,  Hirata, Kenji  ,  Noriko, Oyama-Manabe  ,  Kroenke, Markus

BACKGROUND:11C-hydroxyephedrine (HED) PET has been used to evaluate the myocardial sympathetic nervous system (SNS). Here we sought to establish a simultaneous approach for quantifying both myocardial blood flow (MBF) and the SNS from a single HED PET scan.METHODS:Ten controls and 13 patients with suspected cardiac disease were enrolled. The inflow rate of 11C-HED (K1) was obtained using a one-tissue-compartment model. We compared this rate with the MBF derived from 15O-H2O PET. In the controls, the relationship between K 1 from 11C-HED PET and the MBF from 15O-H2O PET was linked by the Renkin-Crone model.RESULTS:The relationship between K 1 from 11C-HED PET and the MBF from 15O-H2O PET from the controls' data was approximated as follows: K 1  =  (1 - 0.891 * exp(- 0.146/MBF)) * MBF. In the validation set, the correlation coefficient demonstrated a significantly high relationship for both the whole left ventricle (r = 0.95, P < 0.001) and three coronary territories (left anterior descending artery: r = 0.96, left circumflex artery: r = 0.81, right coronary artery: r =  0.86; P < 0.001, respectively).CONCLUSION:11C-HED can simultaneously estimate MBF and sympathetic nervous function without requiring an additional MBF scan for assessing mismatch areas between MBF and SNS.

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