学術雑誌論文 In vivo visualization of tau accumulation, microglial activation and brain atrophy in a mouse model of tauopathy rTg4510

Ishikawa, Ai  ,  Tokunaga, Masaki  ,  Maeda, Jun  ,  Minamihisamatsu, Takeharu  ,  Shimojo, Masafumi  ,  Takuwa, Hiroyuki  ,  Ono, Maiko  ,  Ni, Ruiqing  ,  Hirano , Shigeki  ,  Kuwahara, Satoshi  ,  Ji, Bin  ,  Ming-Rong, Zhang  ,  Aoki, Ichio  ,  Suhara, Tetsuya  ,  Higuchi, Makoto

内容記述
Background: Tau imaging using PET is a promising tool for the diagnosis and evaluation of tau-related neurodegenerative disorders, but the relationship among PET-detectable tau, neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration is not yet fully understood. We aimed to elucidate sequential changes in tau accumulation, neuroinflammation and brain atrophy by PET and MRI in a tauopathy mouse model. Methods: rTg4510 transgenic (tg) mice expressing P301L mutated tau and non-tg mice were examined with brain MRI and PET imaging (analyzed numbers: tg = 17, non-tg = 13; age 2.5~14 months). As PET probes, [11C]PBB3 (Pyridinyl-Butadienyl-Benzothiazole 3) and [11C]AC-5216 were used to visualize tau pathology and 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO) neuroinflammation. Tau pathology and microglia activation were subsequently analyzed by histochemistry. Results: PET studies revealed age-dependent increases in [11C]PBB3 and [11C]AC-5216 signals, which were correlated with age-dependent volume reduction in the forebrain on MRI. However, the increase in [11C]PBB3 signals reached a plateau at age 7 months, and therefore its significant correlation with [11C]AC-5216 disappeared after age 7 months. In contrast, [11C]AC-5216 showed a strong correlation with both age and volume reduction until age 14 months. Histochemical analyses confirmed the relevance of pathological tau accumulation and elevated TSPO immunoreactivity in putative microglia.Conclusion: Our results showed that tau accumulation is associated with neuroinflammation and brain atrophy in a tauopathy mouse model. The time-course of the [11C]PBB3- and TSPO-PET finding suggests that tau deposition triggers progressive neuroinflammation, and the sequential changes can be evaluated in vivo in mouse brains.

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